History of Chemistry: Chemistry derived its name from word alchemy, which is a European word derived from the Arabic word al-kimia. Alkemai is the old name of Egypt.
The word alcheme, khame, kheme means black earth. It refers to the black soil crust of Egypt. When the word chemistry shifted to Europe, it became alchemistry and finally chemistry. According to some chemists kimia is a Persian word which means gold.
This word is revolutionized by muslim scientists. Muslim scientists were interested in the conversion of bases metals lead, copper into gold, that’s why chemistry is also called the art of metal working. Thus the Muslim scientists laid down the foundation of the modern chemistry. Jabir ibn Hayyan was the first Muslim scientist who defined alchemia or chemistry and that’s why he is called the father of chemistry.