Biodiversity of Pakistan

Biodiversity of Pakistan   Biodiversity: The term “biodiversity” has been derived from ‘bio’ and ‘diversity’.  Biodiversity is a measure of the variety of organisms present in different ecosystems or earth surface. Biodiversity is the variability among living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are […]

Binomial nomenclature

 Binomial nomenclature The process of assigning of scientific names to plants is known as nomenclature. Name is the most important way for identification of plants. Our choice of names for individual imbibes a great influence on language, religion, culture and tradition. Thus, there is a need of an internationally accepted terminology and names in Botanic study […]

Bentham and Hooker’s System of Classification

Bentham and Hooker’s System of Classification George Bentham and Sir Joseph Dalton Hooker developed a system of classification. They published thier work in Latin, which was entitled “Genera Plantarum”.This system of classification is a natural non-phylogenetic system which is a slight modification of de-Condolle’s system of classification.In this system, the flowering plants are divided on […]

Bacteriology Notes for BS Level

Bacteriology Notes   Bacteria Word bacteria (singular bacterium) means small rod because the first bacteria were rod shaped. Bacteria are the smallest unicellular prokaryotic organisms (Organisms that lack true nucleus and membrane bounded organelles) that cannot be seen with naked eye but can be seen only with the help of microscope. Bacteria were discovered by […]